The table below shows the correspondence between Perspective Transformation and Action Research as process and method frameworks for systemic school change.
Activity: Review the Phases of Perspective Transformation and the Steps of Action Research in the table. React to and discuss the correspondence between the two models and the feasibility of the information for use in school settings.
|Phases of Transformation||Steps of Action Research|
|1. Disorienting dilemma||Realized Need To Change|
|2. Self-examination||Step 1: Look – Build a picture.|
|3. Critical assessment of assumptions||Step 2: Think.
Interpret and explain what you see. Ask interpretive questions – Who, What, Where, When, Why, and How?
|4. Recognizing link between discontent and the desire to transformation||Prepare to fine-tune the problem.
What is real? What is ideal? What is the desired compromise?
|5. Exploration of options||Define tasks required to address the problem.
Chart the course and explore options.
|6. Planning a course of action||Step 3: Act.
Move forward. Formulate a detailed implementation plan. Identify task, steps, people, places, times, materials, and funds.
|7. Acquiring knowledge and skills||Reflect.
Evaluate and interpret data: What new knowledge have you gained? What has been the impact on the issue of concern? What do you still need to know?
|8. Provisional trying of new roles||Test options.|
|9. Building competence and self-confidence||Identify additional training needs.
What additional training is required to build competence in the new role or situation?
|10. Reintegration into one’s life of conditions dictated by one’s new perspective||Internalize/Institutionalize your plans.
Develop new vision, routines, policies, and procedures to sustain the new outcome.
Reed, L. C. (2017). The agape alternative. Chicago, IL: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.
Reed, L. C. (2017). Transforming middle schools: A staff development workshop manual. Chicago, IL: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.
Reed, L. C. (2017). Transforming school culture: A case study approach. Chicago, IL: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.